Essay On Second Green Revolution

                                       The first green revolution doubled food grain production. This revolution was brought by hybrid varieties of seeds and use of fertilisers and pesticides. Punjab and Haryana states took full use of the new farm technology.

Second Green Revolution text image in English

 Slowly after years this revolution extended upto Bihar, UP and Madhya Pradesh with little benefit. The excessive use of pesticide left residue in grains, fruits or vegetables and thus public health was affected. In many countries consumers have opted for organic food. This demand indicates that agriculture is to be commercialised. 

          In 1998-99 the production will be only about a million tones. more than production in 1997-98. It cannot match our needs not only because our population is increasing rapidly but also agriculture has a good export market. India can be a food factory for the world. For this, we need a Second Green Revolution. It should be founded on commercialisation of agriculture.

           There should be an introduction of biotechnology for commercial use in agriculture. Then it would be possible to double food grain production. The first green revolution took thirty years in covering the whole India but as regards second green revolution we can hope give results in less than 10 years as a whole.

         The need of second green revolution can be recognised when we compare India's production with other countries production. For instance, China produces 6060 kg. rice per hectare while we produce 2810 kg rice per acre. As regard wheat, we produce 2500 kg while in China we find 3800 kg per hectare. This gap can be made up if commercialisation of agriculture is introduced to incrèase productivity. 

          Inspite of improvement through first green revolution, our production is less than the world average production. For achieving our target, Agriculture has to be run like a business. We should turn the farm into a factory with like seeds, water, fertilisers etc. of right quality using them at right time and in right quantities.

          In addition to it, the introduction of genetic engineering can change the crops traits. Thus crops can be made resistant to insects and herbicides. Transgenic crops should be grown on commercial scale. Soyabean, maize, cotton, rapeseed and potato etc. are useful At present, the future belongs to transgenic crops. transgenic crops. 

          Genetic engineering has revolutionised this field. The use of transgenic crops is spreading across the globe. Undoubtedly there are some risks in genetic engineering, But in comparison of commercial gain these risks are not heavy. So progressive countries are following commercialisation of transgenic crops. So India needs second green revolution urgently.

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